TSC: Thai Space Consortium

TSC 01

About us

The Thai Space Consortium (TSC), as a collaborative initiative, brings together 6 scientific agencies and 7 universities under the Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Research, and Innovation, along with one agency under the Ministry of Defense. The National Astronomical Research Institute (Public Organization) serves as the office of the secretariat for the consortium.

This collaborative effort suggests a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to space-related activities, involving various scientific disciplines and potentially contributing to the advancement of space science, research, and technology in Thailand. The inclusion of agencies from both the Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Research, and Innovation, as well as the Ministry of Defense, highlights the multifaceted nature of space-related endeavors, ranging from scientific research to defense applications.

The specific roles and responsibilities of the agencies within the Thai Space Consortium may vary, but the overall aim is likely to foster cooperation, coordination, and synergy among the participating entities. This collaboration enhances the potential for knowledge exchange, resource sharing, and joint initiatives in the realm of space exploration, research, and technology development.

As the National Astronomical Research Institute serves as the secretariat, it likely plays a crucial role in facilitating communication, organizing collaborative projects, and overseeing the overall coordination of efforts within the consortium. The TSC, with its diverse member agencies, has the potential to make significant contributions to the growth and development of the space sector in Thailand.

The Thai Space Cooperation Partners initiative, as outlined in the cooperation agreement signed on April 5, 2021, has clear and commendable goals. The primary objectives include:

1. Expertise and Skill Development: The initiative aims to establish a group of experts, scientists, and new-generation engineers in Thailand. Through hands-on experience and direct involvement, participants will have the opportunity to learn and apply their knowledge in the design and construction of a "Scientific Research Satellite."

2. Domestic Manpower and Technology: The project emphasizes the use of domestic manpower and technology in the development of the Scientific Research Satellite. This approach contributes to the growth of the country's capabilities in the field of space technology and engineering.

3. Experience in Advanced Technology: Participants in the initiative will gain valuable experience in developing advanced technology for space applications. This includes exposure to cutting-edge concepts and methodologies in satellite design and construction.

4. Knowledge Enhancement: The program seeks to elevate the level of knowledge among participants, providing them with a deep understanding of space-related sciences and engineering. This knowledge enhancement is crucial for the individuals involved and for the broader development of space-related expertise in Thailand.

5. Engineering Skills Development: The initiative aims to enhance advanced engineering skills among the participants. This includes fostering the ability to apply theoretical knowledge to practical projects, ultimately contributing to the growth of engineering capabilities within the country.

6. Innovation Creation: By providing participants with the opportunity to engage in the design and construction of a Scientific Research Satellite, the initiative encourages innovation creation. This innovation is vital for driving advancements in space-related technologies and applications.

7. Support for the Space Industry: The overarching goal of the initiative is to contribute to the development and support of the space industry in Thailand. The program lays the foundation for a skilled workforce and domestic capabilities that can actively participate in and contribute to the evolving space sector.

The signing of the cooperation agreement underscores the commitment of the involved parties to collaborative efforts in advancing space science, technology, and industry in Thailand. The initiative is poised to make a meaningful impact on the development of human capital, innovation, and the broader space-related ecosystem in the country.

Indeed, designing and building a satellite is a challenging endeavor, but it also presents significant opportunities for nations to enhance their competitiveness and technological capabilities. Here are some key points highlighting the importance and benefits of investing in satellite technology:

  • Interdisciplinary Integration: Satellite technology requires the integration of various fields of science and technology, including physics, engineering, computer science, and materials science. This fosters collaboration and innovation across different sectors, leading to advancements in multiple domains.
  • Workforce Development: The development of satellite technology encourages the creation of a highly skilled workforce with expertise in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Investing in STEM education and training programs helps cultivate talent and expertise essential for driving innovation and progress.
  • Technology Transfer: Satellite development often involves partnerships between academia, government agencies, and private industries. Technology developed for satellite projects can be transferred to the industrial sector, stimulating innovation, and economic growth. This can lead to the creation of advanced engineering capabilities within the country.
  • Global Competitiveness: By investing in satellite technology, nations can elevate their position on the world stage. Building advanced satellites showcases a country's technological prowess and can attract international collaborations and partnerships, further enhancing its global competitiveness.
  • Inspiration and National Pride: Space technology, including satellite development, inspires and captivates people's imaginations. It instills a sense of pride and achievement within the nation and serves as a symbol of technological progress and innovation. This inspiration can drive interest in STEM fields among youth and students, fostering a culture of innovation and exploration.
  • Career Opportunities: The growth of the space industry creates a range of career opportunities for individuals interested in science, engineering, and technology. From satellite design and manufacturing to operations and data analysis, the space sector offers diverse career paths and prospects for professional growth.
  • Future Generation's Success: Investing in space technology not only benefits the current generation but also lays the groundwork for the success of future generations. By providing inspiration, opportunities, and resources, nations can empower their youth to pursue careers in STEM fields and contribute to the advancement of society.

In summary, satellite technology plays a crucial role in advancing a nation's competitiveness, technological capabilities, and scientific achievements. By fostering interdisciplinary collaboration, workforce development, and innovation, countries can position themselves as leaders in the global space arena and inspire future generations to reach new heights of exploration and discovery.



TSC 02


Ongoing Projects:-

TSC 09


TSC 10 


TSC 11



TSC-Pathfinder project represents a significant step in Thailand's space exploration efforts. Here are some key details about the TSC-Pathfinder satellite:

TSC 09

Technical specifications:
●      Small satellite mass ~80 kg
●      Low earth SSO orbit  500 km altitude
●      Main payload : Earth observation RC telescope 1.0 m GSD
●      Secondary payload : Automatic Identification System
●      CIOMP/TSC Collaboration & Co-design
●      Manufacture Integration and Testing in China
●      TT&C station @NARIT
●      Use existing GISTDA ground station @Sriracha 
●      Total budget ~180 M Baht  (120 y2019 + 60 y2020)

The TSC-Pathfinder project demonstrates Thailand's dedication to advancing its capabilities in space technology and satellite development through international collaboration. Earth observation satellites play a crucial role in gathering data for various applications, and the successful completion of project phases is a significant milestone in the country's space endeavors. Keep an eye on official announcements for further updates on the TSC-Pathfinder project.

TSC 03 

NARITCube-1 is a technology test satellite with a mass of 5 kilograms. Its primary purpose is to conduct tests related to the technology used in the TSC-1 satellite's bus parallel system. Additionally, NARITCube-1 serves as a platform that can be further developed for future space telescopes.

TSC 10    

Technical specifications:
•   Main Payload equipment : Camera, Lens zoom and Fisheye Lens
•   Minor Payload equipment: KMUTNB ADCS/ EPS
•   Size: 100 x 100 x 340 mm. (3U CubeSat)
•   frequency: UHF (400 – 401 MHz) send and receive data
•   Energy production system: GaAs Triple Junction
•   Energy retaining system : Lithium-ion 3S1P
•   Balance control system: 3 axis-control(Reaction wheel and magnetic field coil)
•   Integrate and Test: NARIT
•   Functional life: 1-2 year
•   Launching schedule: 2024

The development and launch of NARITCube-1 reflect Thailand's commitment to advancing its capabilities in space technology, including satellite development and testing. The satellite's focus on technology testing and its potential role as a platform for future space telescopes align with broader objectives in space research and exploration.

TSC 04

NARITCube-1 testing at The Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan.


TSC-1 represents a significant step forward in Thailand's space capabilities, and here are some key details about the satellite:

TSC 05

The combination of a hyperspectral imager and a space weather payload  reflects the satellite's versatility in serving multiple scientific purposes, from Earth observation to space weather monitoring.

As TSC-1 is set to contribute to Thailand's capabilities in space technology and Earth observation, there is an expectation that the data and insights gained from this satellite will further scientific research and applications in various fields.

TSC 06

TSC 07

TSC-2 is described as a scientific research satellite with a primary mission focused on lunar exploration. The key details about the satellite as follows:

  • Type and Size: TSC-2 is characterized as a scientific research satellite with an approximate size of 300 kilograms. The satellite's mass falls within the category of small to medium-sized satellites.
  • Main Mission: The primary mission of TSC-2 is to explore the Moon. This indicates a specific focus on lunar observations, data collection, and potentially scientific experiments related to the Moon.
  • Orbit Altitude: TSC-2 is intended to orbit the Moon at an altitude of about 100 kilometers. This altitude suggests a relatively low lunar orbit, allowing for closer observations and detailed exploration of the lunar surface.
  • Payload Equipment: The satellite is equipped with payload equipment designed for missions to explore the lunar surface. These payloads could include cameras, spectrometers, or other instruments aimed at studying the Moon's composition, terrain, and other characteristics.
  • Remote Communications in Space: In addition to lunar exploration instruments, TSC-2 is equipped for remote communications in space. This capability is crucial for transmitting data collected from the Moon back to Earth and for enabling communication between the satellite and ground control.
  • Launch and Deployment: The specific launch date and launch vehicle for TSC-2 are not provided in the information. However, it is expected that the satellite will be launched into space to carry out its lunar exploration mission.

TSC 08

TSC-2 represents an important step in Thailand's space exploration efforts, focusing on lunar exploration and scientific research. The inclusion of payload equipment for lunar surface missions and remote communications capabilities highlights the satellite's versatile design for in-depth lunar studies